В егэ по литре есть часть а

В егэ по литре есть часть а

Предварительный просмотр:

в 2015 – 2016 учебном году

по английскому языку

в 3 классе

1. Послушай рассказ мисс Чэттер о неизвестном герое, который спас кошку из холодной реки. Помоги мисс Чэттер найти и поблагодарить героя. Отметь его ✓ на картинке.

2. Прочитай письмо и выполни задания.

Dear pen friend,

My name is John. I am a boy. I am nine. I am from the USA. I live with my mum, dad and two sisters Betty and Kate. They are five. The girls like fairy tales. What is your name? How old are you? Have you got a sister or a brother?

My birthday is on the 18th of August. Summer is my favourite season. In summer I roller skate, ride my bike and swim. I can swim very well. I like to play football and tennis. When is your birthday? What is your favourite season? What do you like to do? What can you do well?

I have got a grey rabbit Harry. Harry is nice and funny. He likes to skip and play. Harry likes carrots, cabbage and bread. I like my rabbit but I would like to have a dog and a big parrot. Have you got a pet? Is it funny? Please write back.

Your pen friend,

John Smith

1) Закончи предложение. Обведи соответствующую букву.

John has got...

  1. mum, dad, two sisters and a brother Harry.
  2. mum, dad and two sisters.
  3. mum, grandpa and two sisters.
  1. Найди правильный ответ на вопрос: “When is John’s birthday?” Обведи соответствующую букву.

A) in spring b) in summer с) in autumn

  1. Прочитай предложения. Отметь неверное предложение. Обведи соответствующую букву.
  1. John is from the USA.
  2. He has got a rabbit.
  3. John likes to read fairy tales.
  4. He would like to have a big parrot and a dog.
  1. Соедини начало и конец предложения.

John likes carrots, cabbage and bread.

Harry like fairy tales.

Betty and Kate likes football and tennis.

3. Выбери нужное слово. Обведи соответствующую букву.

  1. Where ... the children? a) am b) is с) are
  2. John ... got a grey rabbit, a) have b) has
  3. My little sister doesn’t ... a bike, a) have b) has
  4. Ann ... her beautiful flowers every day. a) water b) waters
  5. Does Tiny ... letters and postcards? a) get b) gets
  6. When do the friends ... to bed? a) go b) goes

4. Прочитай рассказ и вставь пропущенные слова.

I home, his, gets up, breakfast, face, usually, watches

Andrew lives with his mum, dad and little sister Rose. Andrew is a pupil. He goes to school every day. He____at seven o’clock. He washes his ___ and hands, cleans his teeth. Andrew and his dad havе____at 7.45 am. Andrew comes ____ at 2 pm. After lunch he does__ homework and plays with Rose. In the evening Andrew __ TV or reads books. He _____ goes to bed at 9 pm.

5. Прочитай письмо Джона ещё раз (упражнение 2). Напиши ему ответ. Постарайся ответить на все вопросы, которые есть в письме.

Dear John,

My name is I am from Russia. I am

I live with

My birthday is on the

My favourite season is

I like to

I can

I have got

Please write back.

Your pen friend

Предварительный просмотр:

Контрольная работа в 4 классе

Часть I

Послушай тексты и обведи букву под картинкой, отражающей содержание текста.

Часть II

Прочитай текст и выполни задания.

It was the first day at school. It was nine o’clock. All the pupils were in the classroom. They knew they had a new teacher - Miss Chatter.

After the bell Miss Chatter came into the room. She was kind and nice.

“Good morning, children,” she said and smiled. The lesson began. But the pupils didn’t do what their new teacher said. They spoke loudly and ran in the classroom.

Suddenly it became dark and very cold for a minute.

The pupils sat still at their desks and looked at Miss Chatter.

Their new teacher took Oliver’s pen, looked at it and said: “Three, two, one!” The blue pen became red and turned into a nice red umbrella. Miss Chatter took the umbrella and touched Oliver’s chair. The chairs began to dance with the children sitting on them. Oliver was happy. All pupils laughed. Soon all the chairs and the pupils danced in the classroom.

Miss Chatter opened the umbrella and the rain of sweets began. The pupils were surprised but happy. “It’s great!” Oliver said.

In the second lesson Miss Chatter and her pupils counted white rabbits and black kittens

in the classroom, read stories about whales, talked with the goldfish. Children answered her questions, drew on the walls of the classroom and learned funny poems by heart. The pupils had a good time. They enjoyed Miss Chatter’s lessons.

The next morning Oliver, Ann and their classmates ran to school. But there was a different teacher in the classroom - a new teacher.

“Where’s Miss Chatter?” asked Ann.


“Our teacher - Miss Chatter!” answered Oliver.

“I don’t know Miss Chatter. Let’s begin our lesson,” said the new teacher.

The children were sad. But Oliver saw Miss Chatter’s red umbrella in the left corner of the classroom. He smiled.

  1. Закончи предложение, выбрав один вариант из трёх предложенных.

1) On the first day at school...

  1. the pupils had only one lesson.

B) a new teacher came into the classroom.

  1. the pupils went for a walk.
  1. Выбери правильные ответы на вопросы.

1) Why did Oliver and his classmates run to school the next morning?

А) They wanted to see Miss Chatter’s umbrella.

  1. They liked to run in the classroom.
  2. They liked Miss Chatter’s lessons.

2) Why did the pupils sit still at the desks?

  1. Miss Chatter spoke loudly.

B) It became dark and cold for a minute.

  1. The lesson began.
  1. Выбери утверждение, которое не соответствует содержанию сказки.
  1. At first (сначала) the pupils didn’t do what Miss Chatter told them.
  2. There was a rain of toys in the classroom.
  3. Oliver and his classmates had a good time that day at school.
  4. There was a red umbrella in the corner of the classroom.
  1. Пронумеруй предложения в соответствии с прочитанной сказкой.

They read stories about whales and talked with the goldfish in the lesson.

It became dark and very cold in the classroom.

“Good morning, children,” Miss Chatter said and smiled.

But they saw a different teacher in the classroom. She wasn’t Miss Chatter.

The chairs danced with happy pupils in the classroom.

Часть III

Заполни анкету для занятий в кружке любителей английского языка.

  1. Name
  2. Phone number
  3. Favourite subjects I like to
  4. Your hobby
  5. What do you like to do in your English lesson?

Предварительный просмотр:

Материалы для промежуточной аттестации

в 2015 – 2016 учебном году

по английскому языку

в 5 классе

a) Match the words to make phrases.

to protect

to play

to repair

to catch

to treat






b) Complete the sentences with the new word combinations.

1. Vets__________different__________: domestic, wild and zoo.

  1. Where do you_______________? - At school. We have a big playground and swimming pool.
  2. He’s going to be a mechanic. He wants to
  3. Police officers have a dangerous job. They
  1. Complete the text.

Use: very, takes, dangerous, intelligent, hard, athletic

We asked people of different occupations: “What characteristics should (должен) a person have to do such a job?” Read their answers.

“I’m a firefighter. Sometimes my job can be dangerous. If you want to do this job, you should be brave, and responsible.”

“I work as a nurse. Every day a nurse care of sick people. A nurse works_____.

It isn’t easy. She should be kind and friendly.”

“I am a teacher. You should know a lot of things to answer the questions of curious students! So

you should be sociable and And the teacher should love children.

I think it’s important.”

  1. Complete the sentences. Circle the right letter.
  1. My mum always care of all the members of our family.

a) will take b) is taking c) takes

  1. When my granddad was younger, he was a police officer and ... criminals.

A) catches b) has caught c) caught

  1. Who are these letters from? - I don’t know. The postman ... just... them.

A) is bringing b) will bring c) has brought

  1. When ... you ... to the library? - The day after tomorrow. I haven’t finished the book yet.

A) will... go b) have ... gone c) did ... go

5. What ... you ... ? - Stamps. It is my hobby.

A) do ... collect b) have ... collected c) will... collect

6. Last year, my sister visited Moscow and ... a lot of photos.

A) takes b)took c)take

  1. Look! They…. theirs bikes without using their hands!

A) have ridden b) will ride c) are riding

  1. Ben can go home now. He… his test.

A) will do b) is doing c) has done

  1. The students ... to school 5 days a week. There are no lessons at weekends.

a) go b) went c) have gone

  1. Put the words into the correct order.

are / What / you / going / be / to /?

speaking / with / students / her/ The / is / teacher /.

tell / us / you / Will / about / hobby / your /?

protect / businessmen / Bodyguards / stars / and /.

He is a vet. Animals / He / takes / care / sick /.

  1. Complete the letter. Put the verbs in the Past Simple or the Present Perfect.

Dear Jane,

It’s always a pleasure to read your letters! It was (be) great to know about your hobbies. I_____(already / to finish) my homework and I can write you a letter about my hobbies. I like reading, too. Last month I____(take) part in school competition for young readers. I ____(to win) the first prize. I like reading fantasy stories. I__(just / to finish) a novel “The Hobbit” by J. Tolkien.____you__ (to read) it?

Theatre is my another hobby. I______(to join) the School Theatre recently. And now I want to be an actress. Yesterday my parents and I___(to go) to the theatre. The performance was wonderful!

What do you think about it? And what are you going to be?

Write back soon.

Best wishes,


Предварительный просмотр:

Материалы для промежуточной аттестации

в 2015 – 2016 учебном году

по английскому языку

в 6 классе


Задание 1. Послушай четыре рассказа юных путешественников. Установи соответствие между рассказом говорящего и названием праздника. В задании дано одно лишнее название праздника. Ты услышишь каждый рассказ дважды. Занеси свои ответы в таблицу.

  1. St Valentine’s Day
  2. Pancake Day
  3. Mother’s Day

Speaker ]

Speaker 2

Speaker 3

Speaker 4

  1. Bonfire Night
  2. Christmas Day

Задание 2. Послушай разговор Линды и Тома. Выполни задания. Закончи предложения, выбрав правильный вариант из трех предложенных. Обведи соответствующую букву. Ты услышишь разговор дважды.

  1. Linda
  1. has already bought a present.
  2. has no idea what present to buy.
  3. wants to buy a small turtle.
  1. Travelling underwater is
  1. an interesting novel.
  2. a computer game.
  3. an adventure film.

3) Their friend, Sam, likes

  1. taking colourful photos.
  2. going fishing in the sea.
  3. studying the underwater world
  1. Tom decides to buy
  1. a computer game.
  2. some exotic fish.

С. an adventure book


Прочитай текст и выполни задания 3, 4, 5.

Laura and Catherine didn’t want to go camping. They didn’t want to sleep in a tent, or eat roots or drink dirty water from a river. All they wanted was to be home in their nice warm beds, with no bugs, wild animals, or dirt on the ground. But they had to walk along the forest path together with their mum and dad. They had crossed a river and now their socks and shoes were wet. It was terrible! They were so tired, they wanted to eat and sleep.

At last, they stopped for the night. Dad set up the tents and made a fire, then he caught some fish in the river for supper. The sisters didn’t like fish very" much but they had to eat it because they were very hungry. After supper, the girls pulled their wet clothes off, and put on their nice clean pyjamas.

“Mum, it’s uncomfortable to sleep in a tent,” said Laura.

The girls wanted to fall asleep but they couldn’t.

“What’s that noise?” Catherine asked.


“EEEEEEEP screamed the two sisters. Mum and Dad jumped out of their tent. “There’s a monster in that tree!” screamed Laura.

Dad laughed. “It’s only an owl. Now go back to sleep, please!”


“EEEEEEE!” screamed the girls.

“That’s just a frog. It won’t hurt you. Please go to sleep, girls"!” Mum said.

Later that night, Laura woke up again. She looked outside the tent and saw a big shadow. She screamed again, “EEEEEEE! Dad! Help!”

“Girls, it’s only me,” Mum said. “It was cold so I went to get another blanket out of my backpack.”

The next morning, the girls felt a little silly about the night before.

“We’re sorry, Mum, Dad. We were like babies,” said the sisters.

“It’s all right, girls,” Dad said. “At least tonight you won’t be scared because you know what those noises are.”

They hiked a long way that day and were tired. The girls happily dimed into their tent and dad wished everyone “good night”.


“ЕЕЕЕЕЕГ screamed the girls.

Dad looked at Mum and sighed, “Here we go again!”

Задание 3. Выбери правильный ответ на вопрос. Обведи соответствующую букву.

What is this text about?

  1. A family who went for a walk in the forest.
  2. A family who went on a cross-country camping trip.
  3. A family who lived in a big forest.
  4. A family who hated hiking and camping.

Задание 4. Закончи предложения, выбрав правильный вариант из предложенных. Обведи соответствующую букву.

  1. The sisters wanted to stay at home because they did NOT like
  1. long cross-country trips.
  2. cold wet weather.
  3. setting up tents.
  4. fish for supper every day
  1. The first night was terrible tor the girls because
  1. they were hungry.
  2. they were alone.
  3. thev were scared.
  1. they were cold
  1. During the second night, the sisters
  1. slept well in their tent.
  2. went fishing to the river.
  3. sat next to the fire with their father.

D. cried and screamed again.

Задание 5. Прочитай предложения. Отметь предложения, которые соответствуют тексту,- Т (true), и предложения, которые не соответствуют тексту,- F (false).

  1. The sisters were happy to go hiking with their parents.
  2. Though they were hungry, they didn’t eat fish for supper.
  3. The sisters were afraid of the forest’s night noises.
  4. The sisters couldn’t fall asleep during the second night, either.


Задание 6. Прочитай отрывок из письма. Напиши ответ своему другу по переписке. Ответь на его вопросы.

…Yesterday, our class got an unusual piece of homework. We have to write about the holidays which people celebrate both in Britain and in other countries. Each student got a holiday to describe. Could you help me, please?

I need some information about a holiday which is similar to our Pancake Day. Have you got a similar holiday in Russia? How do you celebrate it? Do you like this holiday and why?

Hope to hear from you soon.

Best wishes,

Предварительный просмотр:

Материалы для промежуточной аттестации

в 2015 – 2016 учебном году

по английскому языку

В 7 классе

1. Put in the missing words:

What"s the matter with you, Sam?

I … bad. I’ve got a ... nose and a … .

Have you … a cough?

No, only a … throat.

Well, my dear, I think you"ve got ... . Stay in bed, take … and you"ll feel … in a few days.

Shall I go ... school tomorrow?

No, you should … in bed for two or three days.

It"s great. Tomorrow the Olympic Games will begin and I can ... sports from morning till night.

Oh, you are a ... fan, aren"t you?

Yes, but I"m not just a … . I"m good ... football and basketball.

2. Complete the sentences:

1. Be ...! Don"t break the mirror. (careful / carefully)

2. Look! That young sportsman is swimming very ... . (quick / quickly)

3. His new manager is lively and ... . (energetic / energetically)

4. Now I ... skate four times a week. (usual / usually)

5. The girl was... at jumping and running. (good / well)

6. What’s the matter with you? - I feel… (bad / badly)

3. Complete the sentences:

1. The boy works ... at his English. (hard /hardly)

2. Oh, it"s too ...! I should leave. (late / lately)

3. It takes me ... 40 minutes to get to the swimming pool. (near / nearly)

4. The sportsman was tired and could... speak. (hard / hardly)

5. There is a modern sports centre ... our school. (near / nearly)

6. The athlete can jump very... . (high / highly)

7. I haven"t visited my old granny ... . (late / lately).

8. He is a ... skilled engineer. (high / highly)

4. Complete the sentences: put the adjectives or adverbs in brackets in appropriate form.

1. Yesterday she danced … than usual. She had a terrible backache. (bad)

2. I hope they"ll come ... tomorrow morning than today. (early)

3. He works... at English than his friend. (hard)

4. He swims ... than the Canadian sportsman. (fast)

5. You should play ... than yesterday. (carefully)

6. Steve and Sam did ... in the last game. (badly)

5. Read the text and answer the questions

Some time ago the British had very difficult money system. There were twelve pence in a shilling and twenty shillings in a pound. It means that they had more than one hundred pence in one pound. For a tourist it was almost impossible to Understand and use this system. But in 1971 it was changed to a simpler one. One pound is now one hundred pence, which is the same as in most money systems of the world.

You can sometimes think that over half of the people you see in the streets of London in summer are not Londoners, and most of them are not British at all. This is because London is one of the most popular cities of the world. Millions of people come here every year. So you can hear a lot of different languages on buses, in the Underground, in cafes and restaurants.

  1. How many pence were there in one pound before 1971?
  2. Is British money system different from systems of European countries now?
  3. When do most tourists come to London?
  4. Why can you hear a lot of languages in the streets of London?
  5. Why was it difficult for tourists to use the old British money system?

Предварительный просмотр:

Контрольная работа по английскому языку в 8 классах

I. Complete each sentence with one of the words - or phrases below. Use each one once only.

Under the threat of, was fond of, made him, was fond of, great wisdom, quit, lack of, believed in, patient, succeeded in, had to.

Isaac Newton is one of the greatest men in the history of science. He was born in a small village in England. His father, a poor farmer, died when Isaac was only 14. Newton had to ... school. The family suffered from a ... money. His mother ... help her on the farm. However. Isaac didn"t like farming. He ... poetry and mathematics. So he was sent back to school. He ... in his studies and entered Cambridge University after school. In autumn 1660 ... plague (чумы) Cambridge University was closed. Isaac Newton ... return to his village and stay in his village for a year and a half. At home he went on with his studies. He was ... and hardworking. He... science and... ideas. When he was 21, Newton created the binomial theorem (теорию бинома). Isaac Newton was a man of... . He died in 1727. There is a monument to Isaac Newton in Cambridge with the words "Newton. Who Surpassed (превзошел) All Men of Science".

II. Complete the sentences. Fill in do or make in an appropriate form.

2. The boys got up at 6 a.m., ...their beds and ... morning exercises.

3. Mike has gone into town to ... some shopping.

4. 90% of housework is... by women.

5. The car was... in Germany.

6. Don"t worry! Just ... your best.

7. I"ve ... some coffee for you.

8. Last Sunday they... fun of him because he was wearing a strange hat.

9. Mr. Black ... a lot of money as a lawyer.

10. Have you ... friends with your new classmates yet?

III. Underline the word with the same or similar meaning.

1. threat

a) bullying b) argument c) warning

2. to be ashamed

a) to be unable b) to be shy c) to be surprised

3. to succeed in

a) to be out of luck b) to win c) to manage

4. mad

a) ambitious b) clever c) crazy

5. tolerant

a) patient b) kind c) ambitious

6. to argue

a) ask b) to disagree c) to trouble

IV. Complete the sentences. Fill in to if necessary.

1. What makes you ... think so?

2. She asked us not ... be late.

3. His mother told him ... come back at 10.

4. She made her son ... read the letter.

5. We want you ... join our organization.

6. Hot weather makes me ... feel sick.

7. Don"t make me ... laugh.

V. Read the text and do the tasks.

Leonardo da Vinci

When they hear the name Leonardo da Vinci, most people think of his famous painting, Mona Lisa. This picture is in an art gallery in Paris, and it is visited by millions of tourists every year.

But Leonardo wasn"t just a painter. He was also a talented inventor, engineer, architect and sculptor. He was full of new and exciting ideas.

Leonardo da Vinci was born in 1452 at his father"s country home near the town of Vinci in Italy. He spent his childhood surrounded by the wonders of nature, perhaps watching animals and insects that were all around him.

Leonardo was hungry for knowledge. He studied the world around him and drew the things he saw. He read everything he could find, listened to other people"s ideas, and made notes of the things he learned. Some of his notebooks were as large as wall posters, and others were small enough to carry in his pocket. Many have been lost, but some of them were published in the 1800s and can be seen today.

Although he was full of new ideas, Leonardo didn"t build many of his inventions. One of his notebooks includes a drawing of a person with a parachute. Only 300 years later, in 1783, a Frenchman became the first person who made and used a parachute.

Leonardo did lots of drawings of arms and legs and other parts of the body and he designed a mechanical man - a robot! This robot could sit up, wave its arms, move its head and open and close its mouth.

Leonardo da Vinci died in 1519. He was truly a man ahead of his time.

1. What kind of text have you just read?

a) a fairy - tale b) a biography c) an adventure story d) science fiction

2. Which of these would be the best as a different title?

a)Leonardo da Vinci - a famous painter.

b) Leonardo da Vinci - a man who invented a parachute.

c) Leonardo da Vinci - a man who studied the world around him.

d) Leonardo da Vinci - a man ahead of his time.

3. Choose the sentence which is not true.

a) Leonardo da Vinci is a world famous painter.

b) Leonardo da Vinci wanted to learn as much as he could about the world around him.

c) Leonardo da Vinci made notes of the things he learnt.

d) Leonardo da Vinci was the first man who made a parachute jump.

e) Leonardo da Vinci designed a robot.

4. What do the words "a man ahead of his time" mean?

a) человек, идущий в ногу со временем

b) человек своего времени

c) человек, опередивший свое время

d) умнейший человек своего времени

Предварительный просмотр:

Материалы для промежуточной аттестации

в 2015 – 2016 учебном году

по английскому языку

в 9 классе

  1. Listen to the people speaking about their future careers. Match the number of each speaker (1, 2,3) with the sentence (a, b. c, d, e) that reflect his or her idea most accurately.
  1. I haven"t decided what to do after leaving school yet; I’ll concentrate on my studies and choose my career later.
  2. I don"t want to think about my future career or my studies at school, I don"t want to think about any problems. I just want to have fun!
  3. I want to take up my father"s job and become a famous surgeon.
  4. I’ll take up my father"s job and will try to- develop the family business.
  5. I don"t think that I"m suitable tor the professions that my family has chosen for me, but I know what career to choose.
  1. Complete the paragraph. Choose the right word.

Even it you arc very careful, you can’t ... (1) the risk of being injured while doing any sport. Gymnasts, hockey players and sprinters can break their legs and arms or can be badly hit when they train or compete. Some of the famous sportsmen suffer from their … (2) for the rest of their lives. It’s ... (3) that sportsmen like parachutists, divers and mountain climbers take even more serious ... (4). If they can"t concentrate or… (5) the speed of the wind or forget to check their .. (6), they can get into serious danger and the situation can become tragic for them.


b) take




h) victories




b) evident




b) risks




h) uncalculate




b) things



  1. Read the dialogue. Then mark the sentences as true (T) or false (F).

A: Hi, Ben! How were your exams?

B: Nice of you to ask about them. Everything is all right. Thanks.

A: Is it? You look worried. Is there anything wrong?

B: No, everything"s all right, but when we were waiting for the results of the exam, we spoke about our future and our career plans. You know. I was the only one who hadn"t decided yet.

A: Well, let"s try to find out what kind of job could be suitable for you. I"ve got a special test that might give us the answer. All you need to do is to answer some questions. T he first one is: “Would you like to work in an office or be out and about during working hours?”

B: It depends... But no, I think I would rather work inside. It could be difficult to be outside if the weather is bad. But I want to have the opportunity to be out in good weather, too.

A: Are good working conditions, job

satisfaction and stability important to you?

B: Yes, I want my job to be exciting but not very stressful. Stability is very important to me, too. But I don’t want to work at the weekend or in summer.

A: And how about job satisfaction? What does that mean to you?

B: To me, job satisfaction isn’t just a quick promotion or good money. I want to feel useful

A: Would you prefer working with machines or with people?

B: When I was little, I enjoyed taking things apart to see how they worked. But now communicating with people is much more important to me, I want to work with nice and friendly people.

A: OK. That"s enough. Let’s have a look at the test results. Well, there is a long list of jobs which meet your requirements. And the job of babysitter is at the top of the list.

B: Babysitter?! I have never thought about babysitting, but I don"t mind working with children, I ’m very .good at sports and the job of a coach has a lot of advantages. I’ ll definitely try to learn more about it.

1. Ben looks worried because he failed his exams.

2. Ben has passed his exams.

3. Ben decided everything about his career when he was little.

4. Ben has no career plans and it worries him.

5. Ben wants to have any job that allows him to work outside in any weather because he hates being in an office.

6. Ben doesn’t care about stability in a job.

7. Ben doesn’t mind if the job is stressful and be doesn"t mind working at the weekend.

8. Job satisfaction for Ben means only good money and promotion opportunities.

9. Ben discovers that a job as a coach might be suitable for him.

4) Read the article and fill in the gaps with the sentences and parts of sentences A - G. Write the letter of the missing sentence in the box. There are two extra letters you will not need.

Robot technologies in our home

here are lots of science fiction books and films about robots. Nice and humanlike metal and plastic creatures often become children’s friends there. Robots learn how to distinguish between good and evil, and how to become a friend to a human being. To our surprise and delight we find out that robots are able to experience feelings - they can feel happy, upset, and even angry. (1). They can even risk their life, (2), for someone they love.

Is artificial intellect a pure fantasy or are there any scientific discoveries behind this idea? (3) What we know for sure is that robotics is a rapidly developing technology, and soon we can expect robots to enter our houses and stay there for a long time. It’s already happening in Japan, where machines of all shapes and sizes are widely used. Besides being used in different industries, robots do lots of housework: they clean the house, serve tea and wash up after that. (4) These robots wake people up in the morning, inform them about the weather and ask questions about their health. The robots are able to recognise faces, keep eye contact and maintain conversations. In Japan, (5), humanoid robots have already become friends for lots of elderly people.

Robots for households are usually designed in a humanlike manner and resemble human beings - they have a head, arms and legs. Japanese scientists believe that in several years robots will be common in every household and feel very enthusiastic about it.

A. in robots’ terms they risk being destroyed or reprogrammed

  1. Amazing but robots can take care of disabled or aged people!
  2. Some rescue robots, which can dig deep after earthquakes, have already been created.
  3. It’s still difficult to answer this question.
  4. We can see robots break the technological law of logic and rational to defend human beings.
  5. Elderly people often feel lonely and need some company.

G. which has the largest percentage of aged people in the world

Предварительный просмотр:

Контрольная работа за II четверть 10 класс


Listen to a conversation and choose the correct answer.

1. Eddy is playing a computer game to relax after his Spanish lesson.

2. Eddy is playing a computer game to practise the Spanish language.

3. Eddy is playing a computer game to develop his computer skills.

Use of English

Use the words in the appropriate forms.

Friends call me Lucky because I don’t have to work. If I remember it ... (1. correct ), it was Confucius, a Chinese ... (2. philosophy ), who said «Choose a job you love and you will never have to work a day in your life». So I did that. And the thing I enjoy most of all is taking photos. This love for ... (3. photo ) gave me a reason for travelling, which is the second thing I love very much. My career started at twenty when I received a ... (4. profession ) camera as a gift, and since then I’ve been travelling the globe for 25 years. I work for several magazines and journals, they buy my photos, and that’s why I can afford to make it my lifelong ... (5. occupy ) . I’ve got a large collection of images of people and places. My favourite series is the ... (6. Australia ) photos, because to me nothing can be compared to the ... (7. stun ) views you can find there. Throughout Australia you can find ... (8. impress ) rocks, awesome bush forests and amazing ocean waters.


Read the text and fill in the gaps with sentences A-G. There is one sentence you do not need.

Pets create a very special atmosphere at home, they add to the feeling of coziness and safety. They help us cope with stress and, being dependent and helpless in our world, make us feel important and worthwhile. (1) They wouldn’t survive in our flats and houses if we didn’t bring them food from the pet shops and essential vitamins from the vet clinics. They need us because a dog needs walking, a horse needs rubbing, and a goldfish wants the water in the tank to be clean and clear.

Some psychologists say that people who are lonely and non-confident tend to keep exotic pets. Those people hope that an unusual pet can add to their identity, put them aside from the crowd and help gain popularity with other people. (2) We pretend that we treat them as members of the family and try to impose our love on them. However, sooner or later the question emerges: do we have the right to sort out our own problems at animals’ expense? (3)

Scientists and environmentalists speak strongly against the so-called pet lovers, who adopt a kitten or a puppy just to please the kid or because of some impulse. Even the animals which have been living with people for centuries and have already adjusted to our world, need much more than their owner’s love. They need care based on knowledge, otherwise they’ll cause problems to you and their life will turn into a miserable experience. Before adopting a little hamster you need to find out everything about its eating habits and peculiarities of the cage housing. You need also to be aware that the pet requires everyday care and that you may find it monotonous and boring.

(4) Milagres, an Australian koala, could be considered a lucky one as she got to the zoo in time for the vets to save her. A European tourist had illegally exported her from Australia, as he was obsessed with the idea of keeping that cute animal in his backyard. “I was going to plant a Eucalyptus tree in my back garden, and I thought that keeping a koala wouldn’t be such a problem”, explained he later. That was a dangerous misconception. (5) It can’t digest hard and thick eucalyptus leaves, and that’s why you need to have from one to six hundred eucalyptus trees to keep your koala happy and healthy. The number of trees depends on the climate - the more humid the climate is, the fewer trees you need (within the range given above). (6)

Little koala Milagres exemplifies a big problem caused by ignorant pet owners. Wild animals are neither toys nor interior design accessories and putting them in a wrong environment makes them suffer and eventually kills them.

A. When exotic animals are kept as pets, ignorance is even more dangerous and cruel.

B. Though koalas’ eating habits have been studied by scientists, the information about their diet is fragmentary and incomplete.

C. This is why lots of crocodiles, snakes and lizards, gorillas and cockatoos become inhabitants of densely populated, traffic jammed megalopolises.

D. Do we have the right to keep a crock in the bath, or a dolphin in the swimming pool?

E. Apparently, only zoo specialists are able to provide the animal with an appropriate menu.

F. We understand that the most fierce and dangerous creatures are vulnerable and helpless in people’s world.

G. In fact, the koala is very particular about the diet - it eats only very fresh green leaves, springs and sprouts.

Почему сложно получить 100 баллов

Репетитор по китайскому языку Дарья Володькина считает, что возможности большинства выпускников в целом ниже тех, которые нужны для успешной сдачи экзамена. «Части "Аудирование" и "Чтение" примерно соответствуют HSK 4 (HSKK — международный экзамен по китайскому языку), а часть "Письмо" — HSK 5. При этом HSK 5 — это предпоследний уровень владения языком. HSK 6 — последний и приравнивается к свободному владению на уровне носителя».

Она добавила: «HSK 5 предполагает 500–800 аудиторных часов и более 2500 слов. Для школьников, у которых китайский в лучшем случае два раза в неделю по 45 минут, это непосильная задача. Набрать 100 баллов для простого ученика — это пока что-то из области фантастики».

Первый ЕГЭ по китайскому. Как школьники к нему готовились

В 2016 году китайский язык в России изучали 11 тысяч школьников в 75 учебных заведениях, а также семь тысяч студентов. Это количество распределяется по регионам неравномерно. Чаще всего китайский учат в Москве, Санкт-Петербурге, Дальневосточном и Сибирском регионах.

В московской школе № 1948 «Лингвист-М» с углублённым изучением китайского язык появляется в расписании ещё в начальной школе, а в лицее № 1535 его изучают с седьмого класса как второй иностранный в рамках дополнительного образования. Для лицеистов эти курсы бесплатны.

 Фото: Top.st

Ученица школы № 1948 Эллина Кутузова в этом году среди тех, кто решился сдавать экзамен. Она учит китайский язык с первого класса и собирается поступать в вуз в Китае по специальности «международная педагогика китайского языка». Для поступления ЕГЭ ей не понадобится.

«Я хотела бы получить этот опыт, чтобы им могли воспользоваться другие ребята в следующем году. У меня достаточно хороший уровень, поэтому сдать ЕГЭ мне несложно. Но тем, кому важны результаты экзамена, надо будет знать, какие типичные ошибки они могут допустить. Моей однокласснице, например, иностранный язык нужен для поступления, и она специально выбрала китайский вместо английского, потому что сдавать его сложнее и интереснее», — приводит слова Эллины Мел.фм.

Изучение языка сегодня необходимо, чтобы создавать более крепкие связи с китайским миром, считает заведующий кафедрой китайского языка МГПУ Владимир Курдюмов: «Китайский мир — это, по сути, несколько государственных образований. Не только континентальный Китай, но и остров Тайвань, Сингапур, а также специальные административные районы Макао и Гонконг, где китайская культура представлена абсолютно по-разному. Плюс огромная китайская диаспора во многих странах. Язык необходим, чтобы понимать этот мир, устанавливать и наращивать связи. Европейскому мышлению свойственно заблуждение — полагать себя единственно верным способом осмысления мира. Китайский язык позволяет понять, что это не так. Существуют другие системы мировоззрения, не менее значимые, чем наша».

Единственный официальный вариант, на который могут опираться школьники, — это демоверсия, которую ФИПИ опубликовал осенью 2018 года. Пособий по подготовке к экзамену по китайскому пока не появилось. Ни официальных, ни разработанных педагогами отдельно от ФИПИ.

В классе Эллины Кутузовой пять часов китайского языка в неделю. К ЕГЭ школьники готовятся как на уроках, так и самостоятельно. Учителя составляют типовые задания, опираясь на официальную демоверсию.

«В нашем случае отсутствие пособий — не такая большая проблема. Благодаря этим заданиям мы приблизительно понимаем, как готовиться. К тому же я участвовала в олимпиадах по китайскому языку — во Всероссийской и в тех, которые проводят разные китайские вузы. В принципе, система везде одинаковая», — рассказывает Эллина.

Почему китайский считается таким сложным?

В китайском языке порядка 50 тысяч иероглифов, если считать разнописи (упрощённое начертание или простонародные сокращения иероглифов). Для чтения прессы и общения с носителями языка школьнику достаточно владеть тремя тысячами иероглифов, а студенту вуза — пятью или семью тысячами.

Большую часть времени при изучении китайского уделяют написанию иероглифов и интонации.

Китаец не понимает говорящего по-китайски, если единицы неправильно интонируются. Между тем в пекинском диалекте используется четыре тона, а в других встречается от шести до девяти.

 Фото: Todaykhv.ru

«В китайском языке каждый слог может произноситься четырьмя тонами, и это влияет на смысл сказанного. Например, если вы скажете слог [ma] первым тоном, получится "мама", а третьим — "лошадь"», — рассказывает Дарья Володкина.

В китайском языке нет форм слова, да и самих слов в привычном нам понимании, объясняет Владимир Курдюмов. Есть слабые лексические единицы, которые легко соединяются и распадаются. Иероглифы — главная единица языка, обычно это корень или, реже, суффикс или полусуффикс.

Сложность иероглифов и произношения компенсируется относительно простой грамматикой. Подробных разъяснений требуют лишь некоторые темы.